Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,426 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     700 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     183 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     150 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     140 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        98 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       35 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       23 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

April 24 adds: 9 new maps; 1 new detail image


Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 21.3%; 2. Latvia: 18.2%; 3. Lithuania: 15.2%; 4. Germany: 8.5%; Other: 36.8%
70% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 7.5 minutes

  • 1774 Gibson (engraver/cartographer) - Bowen (engraver/cartographer): "POLAND" (383 KB), London
    , uncolored miniature from "ATLAS MINIMUS Illustratus: containing Fifty-Two Pocket Maps of the World,
    Drawn and engraved by J, Gibson; Revised, corrected, and improved, by E. Bowen, Geographer to His Majesty.
    To which are added a Description of the several Empires, Kingdoms, States, and Provinces, of the known   
    World; their Seas, Harbours, Rivers, and Mountains: With a concise account of the air, soil, and climate of each;
    and the government, customs, religion, and manners of the inhabitants," published by T. Carnan and F.
    Newbery. First edition was 1758 -- depicted to the left. Boundaries for the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
    are pre-Partition. See, below, the 1792 version of the same map

  • 1792 Gibson - Bowen: "POLAND" (230 KB), London, outline-colored miniature from "John Gibson Atlas
    Minimus, or A New Set of Pocket Maps of the Several Empires, Kingdoms, and States of the Known World, "
    published by L. Piguemi, using the same plate as the 1774 version.  It's almost a duplicate of the 1758 and 1774
    versions -- see if you can find the differences. Hint: it 's not about Commonwealth boundaries

  • 1783 Bachiene (astronomer/mapmaker)- van Jagen (engraver) - Bowen (engraver/print-seller): "Nieuwe  
    en naauwkeurige kaart van 't Koningrijk Polen en 't Groot Hertogdom Lithauwen..." (New and
    accurate map of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania...)  (121 KB),
    Amsterdam, updating a map by Bowen with 1772 (the cartouche says 1771) Partition boundaries. Also a detail
    image of the cartouche (122KB)

  • 1808 As a result of the Second, 1793, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, parts of two
    historic Lithuanian areas: Samogitian Province (Lith.: “Žemaičiu Seniūnija) and Trakai Province (Lith.: Trakų   
    vaivadija), were taken by Prussia. As you will see in the two maps of Prussia published in 1808 described  
    below, there was no uniformity of boundaries or of English names for those areas
  • Cary (engraver/publisher): "A New Map of the Kingdom of Prussia, with its Divisions into
    Provinces and Governments; from the Latest Authorities, by John Cary, Engraver, 1799"
    (6.5 MB), London, prepared for the 1808 edition of "Cary's New Universal Atlas. "Little Lithuania" on  
    this map extends north past "Memel" (Lith.: Klaipėda), almost to "Polangen" (Lith.: Palanga); and south
    to "Goldap" (Lith.: Gėlupė, Geldapė) in today's Poland

  • Wilkinson (mapmaker/publisher): "PRUSSIA" (5 MB), London, from his "A General Atlas," published
    from 1800 to 1816. "New East Prussia" on this map has two subdivisions: "New Lithuanian -- Bialystok,"
    and "Masovian -- Plock." The area labeled "East Prussia" includes a subdivision called "Lithuanian or

  • 1915 "Sonderkarte 4 Kriege der Karte zum gegen Rußland - Kurland und Livland" (Special  
    Map No. 4 on the map for the war against Russia - Courland and Livonia) (7.1 MB), at 1:1 000
    000, with detail maps of the areas of "Warschau" and "Brest-Litovsk" at 1:350 000

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1226 - 1260 and 1260 - 1410  "The State of the Teutonic Order" (242 KB, 259 KB), in two maps with
    boundaries and movements not only for the Teutonic order, but for all the states in the Baltic area

  • Rossi (cartographer): "LA POLONIA Colle DIVISIONI del 1772, 1793 e 1795" (209 KB), from
    "Nuovo atlante di geografia universale in 52 carte," published 1820

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps:
1758 (First Edition)
of John Gibsn's
Atlas Minimus."
From the ABAA