Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,908 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     792 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     507 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     199 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     170 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     155 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       143 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       40 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       30 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

September 23 adds: 10 maps; a new page: "MapsRussiaInEurope"

Next update: October 14

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 30.9%; 2. Latvia: 14.0%; Lithuania: 8.4%; 4. Germany: 8.2%; 5. Other: 38.5%

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope): A new page, devoted to maps showing all of European Russia, 1796 - 1918. On this
    page is now a summarized history of Russian guberniyas, maps formerly on other pages, and 10 new maps.
    Maps depicting only part of European Russia, individual or groups of guberniyas, remain where they were, on
    pages by date of publication:

  • 1796 von Reilly (geographer/publisher/writer) - Kininger (mapmaker): "Karte von dem  
    Russischen Reiche in Europa" (5.6 MB), Vienna, from von Reilly's "Grosser Deutscher Atlas."   
    Shows Russian acquisitions only from the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1799 Wilkinson (mapmaker/publisher): "Russia in Europe with the Dismemberments from  
    Poland in 1773, 1793, and 1795" (5.2 MB), London, from "A General Atlas..." Does not depict the
    specific Russian guberniyas created by the partitions

  • 1800 C.F. Delamarche (geographer/publisher): "Russie d'Europe divisee par Gouvernemens"    
    (3.0 MB), Paris. Despite the publish date, it reflects only the results of the First, 1772, Partition, with a
    table of four divisions of "Russie Pol.": "Palatinat de Mscislaw," "P. de Witepsk," "P. de Polok," and
    "Livonie Polonaise"

  • 1812 A. Arrowsmith (engraver/cartographer/publisher) - Lewis (mapmaker) - Thomas & Andrews  
    (publishers): "Russia in Europe" (2.7 MB), Boston, from "Arrowsmith's Map of Russia in Europe, a
    new and elegant general atlas, comprising all the new discoveries, to the present time. Containing sixty-
    three maps, drawn by Arrowsmith and Lewis..." Depicts boundaries after the Third, 1795, Partition, but
    offers no labeling of the guberniyas present at that time in the former Grand Duchy's area. Also labels as
    "Prussia," former Lithuanian lands that were, from 1807 - 1815, part of the Duchy of Warsaw

  • 1815 Thompson (cartographer): "European Russia" (3.4 MB), London, Edinburgh, for his "New
    general atlas." The labels for Russian guberniyas are accurate, except for the missing "Litva" as part of  
    the names of Wilno and Grodno guberniyas, but former Lithuanian lands annexed in 1796 as part of New
    East Prussia were, in 1807 Treaty of Tilsit, assigned to the Duchy of Warsaw, and remained so until the
    1815 Congress of Poland. Thomson still has those lands, in a map published 1815, as part of Prussia

  • 1817 A. Arrowsmith (engraver/cartographer/publisher) - Hall (engraver) - A. Constable & Co. and
    Longman & Compy. (publishers): "Russia in Europe" (7.3 MB), London. The 1812 Arrowsmith map
    now has gubernias correctly labeled, apart from the Wilno and Grodno gs. without the correct "Litva"
    preceding their names

  • 1818 Pinkerton (cartographer): "Russia In Europe" (1.1 MB), from the Philadelphia edition of his     
    "A modern atlas, from the latest and best authorities, exhibiting the various divisions of the world, with   
    its chief empires, kingdoms and states, in sixty maps, carefully reduced from the largest and most
    authentic sources. Directed and superintended by John Pinkerton." Correctly shows "Wilno"and   
    "Grodno" guberniyas, without the "Litva" part of the names, and Minsk guberniya, created 1793 after   
    the Second Partition, and lasting nearly unchanged until 1921, without labeling it

  • 1822 Haller von Hallerstein and Reichard (mapmakers) - Campe (publisher): "Charte des     
    Russischen Reichs, Europaischen Antheils..." (4.9 MB), Nürnberg, from "Neuer Hand-Atlas    
    über alle Theile der Erde." Accurate depictions of the guberniyas at the time -- without the "Litva" part   
    of the Vilna and Grodno guberniya names. Behind the times as regards former Lithuanian lands     
    acquired by Prussia in 1795: depicts them as part of Duchy of Warsaw, whereas, as of 1815, they were
    part of Congress Poland

  • 1824 Wyld (mapmaker) Hewitt (engraver) - Thomson (publisher): "Russia in Europe" (5.6 MB),
    Edinburgh, from the 2nd edition of Thomson's "A General Atlas." With a vignette "Statue of Peter the
    Great at St. Petersburg." As usual, "Wilno" and "Grodno" gubernias lack the preceding "Litwa," accurate
    from 1801 - 1840

  • 1828 Brue: "Carte generale de la Russie d'Europe, du Royaume de Pologne, des environs    
    de Caucase et d'une partie des pays adjacents" (3.5 MB), Paris, dated 1828. Wonderful detail,   
    but with "Vilna" and "Grodno" labels lacking "Litva," and confusing coloring of the Białystok area
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: