Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,578 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     737 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     186 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     157 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     144 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       103 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       37 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       25 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

October 9 adds: 8 maps; 2 new town views

NEXT UPDATE: October 16

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.0%; 2. Lithuania: 15.5%; 3. Latvia: 15.0%; 4. Poland: 6.8%; 5. Other: 35.7%
70% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, almost 8 minutes.

  • 1708 Senex (astronomer/engraver/mapmaker/publisher) - Maxwell (co-publisher): "POLAND Corrected
    from the Observations Communicated to the Royal Society at London and at Paris" (7.9 MB),
    London. This two-sheet copperplate map is one of the largest maps of Poland ever to appear in an atlas

  • 1740 Schenk Family (engravers/mapmakers/publishers): "Estats de Pologne..." in the cartouche, across
    the top margin: "Regni Poloniae Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae Reliquarumque Polonis Subditarum
    Regionum Tabula," Amsterdam, based on Sanson's cartography, in two versions (691 KB, 394 KB)

  • 1749 Homann Heirs (publishers) - Niepreckis (math teacher/Jesuit/mapmaker) - Mayer (mathematician/
    astronomer/mapmaker): "MAGN. DVCATVS LITVANIAE in svos palatinatvs et districtvs divisvs /
    delineatus a... Ioanne Nieprecki...Simulque exactiore locorum positione quantum fieri potuit
    correctus a Tobia Majero. - Norimbergae : impensis Homannianorum Heredum, 1749" (4.0 MB),
    Nürnberg, in a fourth version

  • 1773 Mayer (mathematician/astronomer/mapmaker) - Homann Heirs (publishers): "Mappa Geographica
    REGNI POLONIAE" (487 KB), Nürnberg, in a second version from “Atlas Geographicus,” first published
    in 1759, reissued to c1784. Note the ornate engraving on the lower left corner compared with the same area in
    the other Mayer - Homann Heirs' maps on the same page

  • 1781 Bonne (engineer/mathematician/cartographer) - Grenet (geographer): "Carte du Royaume de
    Pologne et du Grand Duche de Lithuanie" (458 KB), from Grenet's "Atlas Portatif." Shows lands lost by
    the Grand Duchy in the 1772 First Partition

  • 1796 (Anon.): "Русский: Малоформатный атлас Российской империи" (Small Atlas of the Russian Empire),
    St. Petersburg, showing "наместничества" (governates):
  • "Карта Минского наместничества (карта 23)" (Map of Minsk governate [map 23]) (1.2
    MB), created in 1793 from Grand Duchy land acquired by the Russian Empire in the Second Partition
  • "Карта Полоцкого наместничества (карта 20)" (Map of Polotsk governate [map 20]) (1.
    1 MB) displaying Grand Duchy land acquired by the Russian Empire in the 1772 First Partition

  • (TownViewsN-U): 1581 Braun (editor) & Hogenburg (engraver): "Riga... (4.1 MB), Köln, in a third version
    from the first Latin edition of "Civitates Orbis Terrarum." This great city atlas eventually contained 546
    prospects, bird-eye views and map views of cities from all over the world. Over a hundred of different artists
    and cartographers engraved the copper plates of the Civitates from drawings. Braun was greatly assisted in his
    project by the close -- and continued interest of -- Abraham Ortelius, whose "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum" of
    1570 was the first true atlas. The Civitates was intended as a companion for the Theatrum, as indicated by the
    similarity in the titles and by contemporary references regarding the complementary nature of the two works.
    The Civitates was designed to be more popular in approach, perhaps because the novelty of a collection of city
    plans and views was a more hazardous commercial undertaking than a world atlas, for which there had been a
    number of successful precedents Commentary:

  • (TownViewsV-Z): 1680 Bodenehr (printseller/publisher): "WILNA oder WILDA, die Haup-Stadt in
    LITTHAUEN" (1.4 MB), Augsburg. Includes a brief description of the city and a key locating 28 major places
    within the town walls. Bodenehr's town views were based on those of Braun & Hogenburg
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: