Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,918 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     787 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     508 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     199 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     156 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      149 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       143 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       40 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       42 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1921, mostly showing Lithuania within the Russian Empire
  •       30 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

October 21 adds: 5 maps; 1 improved image

Next update: October 28

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 29.8%; 2. Latvia: 15.8%; Lithuania: 8.7%; 4. Germany: 7.4%; 5. Other: 38.3%

  • 1635 Mercator (originator) - Hondius Family (publishers of altered plates): "LIVONIA or LIEFLAND"  
    (540 KB), in a third version from the first English edition of the Mercator-Hondius "Historia Mundi"

  • (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1945): German "West. Osteuropa" maps, 1914-1919 at 1:25 000, created by
    "Generalstabes der Armee" (General Staff, Army), and based on earlier Russian one- and two-verst maps,
  • 1916 XII-15-F Kowno Bl. 11 (5.6 MB)  

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • c1760 Senex (mapmaker/Geographer to the Queen) - T. Bowles (publisher): “Europe, Corrected
    from the observations communicated to the Royal Society at London, and the Royal
    Academy at Paris” (10.6 MB), London. Those "corrected" observations apparently did not include
    labeling Vilnius as one of the 15 or so other named towns in Lithuania -- or even including "Lithuania" as   
    a labeled area within "Poland"

  • 1787 Kitchin (mapmaker) - Sayer (publisher): "EUROPE Divided into its EMPIRES, KINGDOMS,
    STATES, REPUBLICS & C...from the latest  Surveys and Observations," London, in an  
    improved image (from 418 KB to two images, one 6.7 MB, the other 7.0 MB), which has enabled me to
    eliminate two detail images, showing boundaries after the First, 1772, Partition. From Kitchin's "General
    Atlas," which contained many two-sheet maps

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1808 Nantiat (originating cartographer) - Faden (cartographer/ publisher): "The Russian  
    Dominions in Europe, drawn from the latest Maps, printed by the Academy of Sciences,   
    St. Petersburg; revised and corrected, with the Post Roads & New Governments, from the
    Russian Atlas of 1806" (10.1 MB), St. Petersburg. After Faden's death in 1836, this map's plates    
    were acquired by James Wyld, who issued this map in several later editions. The map is notable not only
    for its great size, but for the fact that the Vilna, Grodno, Minsk and Mogilev guberniyas are labeled
    "Lithuania," as is the part of Lithuania that became part of New East Prussia. So much for those who
    repeat the fallacy that "Lithuania disappeared from the map" followed the Third Partition, not to  
    reappear until after World War I

  • 1852 Philip (publisher): "Russia in Europe" (2.5 MB), Liverpool. Seriously inaccurate and out of    
    date, with Kovno gubernia, created 1843, nowhere in sight, its area mislabeled Wilna, the cities of  Wilna
    and Troki, actually in Wilna giberniya, shown as being in Minsk guberniya, and former Lithuanian lands   
    in Congress Poland since 1815 shown as being part of the "Duchy of Warsaw"

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: