Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it "...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..." My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
- Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
- Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.
- 2,139 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
- 530 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
- 134 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
- 125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 60 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
- 54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
- 33 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
- 14 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
- 0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
August 1 adds: 11 new maps; 1 improved image; 4 detail images
Next update: August 15.
Seeing text boxes mysteriously overlapping map images, or with text cut off? I fix it one week, only to
see it reappear, or change, the next week. Blame software "engineers" (coders who probably got this
title instead of a raise) at Yahoo! Small Business, who created errors while adjusting to the latest
versions of Java software -- they completely screwed up how text boxes work. Their stance? Fixing the
problem they created is on a list of potential "product enhancements" -- which means they will take
their own sweet time to fix their errors. I apologize in their behalf, because they won't.
Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.9%; 2. Latvia: 12.9%; 3. Lithuania: 12.2%; 4. Germany: 9.7%; Other: 37.3%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they each spend nearly 6 minutes here
- 1602 Bertius (cartographer): "Livoniae descrip." (186KB), Amsterdam, from a Dutch pocket atlas
published by Cornelium Nicolai: "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum Libri Quinque"
- 1787 de Prétot (historian) - Moithey (publisher): "CARTE NOUVELLE DE LA POLOGNE, Avant son
demenbrement," Paris, engraved by J.E.J. Valletin, in an improved uncolored image (from 589 to 723KB),
which has enabled me to delete a detail image. Depicts the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following the
First, 1772, Partition. From de Prétot's "Atlas universel pour l’étude de la géographie et de l’histoire ancienne
- 1859 Chrzanowski (cartographer): "Karta dawnej [former] Polski," Paris, at 1:300 000, published as 36
loose sheets with a title page. This week I'm posting the final three of nine maps:
- S.6. PONIEWIEŽ (Panevėžys)
- S.7. DINABURG (Daugavpils)
- S.12. MINSK
- 1921 and 1922 Bazewicz (writer/cartographer): "Mapa Polski w granicach obec nych podziałem"
(Map of Poland with its current borders), Warsaw, in 1921 (230KB) and 1922 (414KB) iterations,
showing changes in the border with Poland, with detail images (428KB, 456KB) of each map
- 1841 Hensel (linguist): "Europa polyglotta: Linguarum genealogiam exhibens, una cum
literis, scribendiq modis, omnium gentium” (Europe, showing genealogy of the
languages, together with the letters, and writing of all nations) (802KB), Nuremberg, from
his "Synopsis vniversae philologiae." Also a detail image (79KB) of the historic Lithuania area. The earliest
linguistic map of Europe. He translates the beginning of the prayer "Our Father" into most language
groups, so under "Lithuanica" he has written "Tewe musu kur is eisi danguy. Szweskis wardas Tawo"
- 1846 Kombst (ethnographer/mapmaker): “Ethnographic Map of Europe” (3.6MB), Edinburgh,
from Johnston’s "The National Atlas of Historical, Commercial, and Political Geography." In Kombst's
own words: "this is the first Ethnographic Map ever published, based upon the principle of the natural
physical difference of the different varieties of the Caucasian species inhabiting Europe." Among
possible benefits of such ethnographic study, according to Kombst, is information on the intellectual and
moral character of nations, their languages, and forms of government. One interesting conclusion he has
drawn: nations are so differently constituted that no one form of government can be applicable, at the
same time, to all of them. "Esthon.," "Livon.," "Letton.," and Lithuan." are colored brown for the "Letton"
"species," with Latvia and Estonian coasts inhabited by "Pure Teutonic Scandinavians"
- (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): 1618 That year's Truce of Deulino, which lasted until 1632, ended a war between
the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia which had begun in 1609. Commonwealth armies had
entered Moscow in 1610, and Sigismund III Vasa's (Pol.: Zygmunt III Waza; Lith.: Žygimantas Vaza) son,
Prince Wladislaus, was elected tsar of Russia with the help of pro-Commonwealth Russian boyars. But soon
after, Sigismund decided to take the title for himself, alienating those same boyars, who saw Sigismund, unlike
his son, as staunchly pro-Catholic and anti-Orthodox. With pro-Commonwealth support evaporated, the war
resumed in 1611, and Commonwealth forces were ousted from Moscow in 1612. Internal conflicts in both
Russia and the Commonwealth resulted in little movement from either side until 1617, when Sigismund made
a final unsuccessful, attempt to conquer Russia. At war's end, Russia, although giving up land east of Smolensk
to the Grand Duchy, was still independent
- Bazewicz (writer/cartographer): "POLSKA po pokoju Dziewulinskim ZYGMUNTA III"
(POLAND at the time of the truce of Deulino and SIGISMUND III (1.4MB), from his 1918
"Atlas historyczny Polski"
- Mathiasrex (mapmaker): "Truce of Deulino" (857KB), created in 2010. Unlike the Bazewicz map, it
clearly shows lands acquired by the Grand Duchy from Russia
- (SeaChartsBaltic): 1675 Darby (publisher): "A chart of the East Sea" (541KB), London, at 1:2 000 000.
From his "Atlas Maritimus', or the Sea Atlas, being a book of maritime charts." Also a detail image of the
coastline of the future Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire (although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons