LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.


























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,345 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     628 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     174 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     149 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     140 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        92 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       20 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

January 23 adds: 11 maps; 2 detail images; 1 greatly-improved image

NEXT UPDATE: January 30

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.0%; 2. Latvia: 14.7%; 3. Lithuania: 14.2%; 4. Germany: 9.2%; Other: 38.9%
75% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 7 1/2 minutes

  • 1630 Cloppenburgh (publisher) - van den Keere (engraver) -  Mercator (cartographer): "LITHUANIA" (141
    KB), in a fourth version, along with a detail image (164KB) showing unusual boundaries, from "Atlas Minor
    Gerardi Mercatoris Atlas  sive Cosmographicae Meditationes...," published 1628-52

  • 1654 Duval (geographer/publisher/nephew and pupil of Nicolas Sanson): "Carte de Pologne et des Estats
    qui en dependent" (4.2 MB), Paris

  • 1682 Manesson-Mallet (mathematician/publisher): "POLOGNE," Paris, placed before three versions from
    1683, all from the French five-volume edition of "Description de l'Univers." The 1682 version is the only one
    that outlines "D. Curlande, D. Semigalle" as a separate area within "Pologne," as seen in a detail image (74 KB).
    All three colored versions have different southern boundaries for what was, in reality, the Polish-Lithuanian
    Commonwealth

  • c1720 J.B. Homann (engraver/geographer): "DVCATVVM LIVONIE et CVRLANDIAE..." (612 KB),
    Amsterdam, in a third differently-colored version

  • 1752 Buffier (theologian/geographer): "LA POLOGNE" (159 KB), Paris, in a second version from "Geographie
    Universelle." Compare with the 1744 versions

  • c1797 (Anon.): "POLOGNE" (611 KB), in an unusual vertically-oriented map

  • 1814 Wilkinson (publisher) - Archer (engraver): "POLAND," London,  in a greatly-improved image (from 152
    KB to 1.6 MB) from his "General Atlas of the World." Also shows pre-Partition boundaries. Compare with the
    1808 (engraved by B. Smith) and 1818 versions

  • 1876 Two maps with Cyrillic labeling from the 1876 version of the "Atlas of Russia," to complement the existing
    map of Vilna guberniya:
  • "Карта Ковенской губернiи" (Map of Kovno guberniya) (8.4 MB), with an inset map of Kaunas

  • "Карта Витебской  губернiи" (Map of Vitebsk guberniya) (8.2 MB),  long-time part of the
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania prior to the First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with an
    inset map of Vitebsk

  • (MapsEthnographic): three maps from "Polski Atlas Kongresowy - Atlas des Problemes Territoriaux de la
    Pologne," published 1921 in Lwów and Warszawa:
  • 1910 "Les Juifs en Pologne 1910" (158), showing percentage of Jews within the boundaries of the pre-
    Partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1919 "Ligne de démarcation Polono-Lithuanienne" (Demarcation Lines between Poland
    and Lithuania in 1919) (201 KB), showing three different proposed boundaries from June and August
    1919, along with unique depictions of areas of majorities of Poles and Lithuanians

  • 1921  "Carte Etnographique du Comite National Polonais" (Ethnographic map by the
    Polish National Committee) (148 KB).  Claims, among other things, that eastern Courland,  including
    the area just south of Daugavpils, was over 50% Polish

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery