Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, and Belarus -- if you or
your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,118 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     526 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     134 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     126 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •         54 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       33 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        13 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

July 18 adds: 12 new maps; 4 detail map images

Seeing text boxes mysteriously overlapping map images, or with text cut off? I fix it one week, only to
see it reappear, or change, the next week. Blame software "engineers" (coders who probably got this
title instead of a raise) at Yahoo! Small Business, who created errors while adjusting to the latest
versions of Java software -- they completely screwed up how text boxes work. Their stance? Fixing the
problem they created is on a list of potential "product enhancements" -- which means they will take
their own sweet time to fix their errors. I apologize in their behalf, because they won't.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.2%; 2. Latvia: 13.4%; 3. Lithuania: 12.6%; 4. Germany: 9.9%; Other: 36.9%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they each spend nearly 6 minutes here

  • 1603 Grodeckis (geographer): "POLONIAE, LITVANAE Q DESCRIPTIO." (132KB), Antwerp, in a fourth
    differently-colored version from the Latin edition of "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum." The image, engraved by
    Vrients in 1595, was based on an earlier map, by Grodeckis, which was itself based on an 1526 Wapowski map.
    Compare with the 1609 version

  • 1727 Van der Aa (publisher): "La LIVONIE Avec les frontieres de COURLANDE et de FINLANDE"
    (586KB), Amsterdam. Also two detail images (740KB, 442KB). An original source for Van der Aa  was "Voyages
    très curieux & très renommez, faits en Moscovie, Tartarie, et Perse, par le sr. Adam Olearius," Olearius having
    been a member of the German embassy to Moscow and Persia in 1633, and a wide traveler

  • 1859 Chrzanowski (cartographer): "Karta dawnej [former] Polski" Paris, at 1:300 000, published as 36
    loose sheets with a title page. This week I'm posting four of what will be nine incredibly-detailed maps:
  • the overall map key (12.7MB)
  • S1: LIPAWA (Liepaja) (4.9MB)
  • S5: POLONGA (Palanga) (4.5MB)
  • S11: WILNO (6.8MB)

  • (MapsEthnographic): 1837 Desjardins (geographer): "Ethnographische Karte von Europa, oder
    Darstellung der Hauptvertheilung der europaischer Volker nach ihren Sprachen und
    Religions-Verschied- enheiten" (Ethnographic map of Europe, or representation of the
    primary distribution of European Peoples according to their languages and religious
    differences) (5MB), Wien (Vienna), from "Physisch-statistisch und politischer Atlas von Europa..." From the
    explanatory text, displayed as one of two detail images:  "IV. SLAVISCHE FAMILIE...7) Lithauer zwischen
    Niemen and Dnieper etc. 8) Letten in Kurland und Liefland, so wie in einem Theile von Ost-Preussen. ( in a
    part of East Prussia)!..V. DIE FINNISCHE...FAMILIE...B 2) Esthen im Gouvernment Esthland mit den Liven
    in Liefland." Four surprises: Lithuanians and Letts categorized as Slavs; Letts the predominant inhabitants of
    East Prussia in all but the Sammland, the area north of the Pregel (Lith.: Prieglius) River, where, the map says
    the "Alt Preussen" are located --yet another Baltic people, long extinct, classified as Slav. The last surprise: the
    placement of "Juden" as a religious group people on the map, in the "Slav" area, in two places: today's south-
    east Lithuania and in Galicia, sub-categorized in the commentary as "Karaiten in Galizean und Lithauen"

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): Four views of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following the "Peace of
    Buczacz" in October 1672, which not only gave the Ottoman Empire part of Ukraine -- the right-bank (of the
    Dnieper) of Bracław Voivodeship, Podole Voivodeship and part of Kiev Voivodeship (Left-bank Ukraine was
    already controlled by Muscovy since the 1667 "Treaty of Andrusovo") but promised an annual tribute to the
    Ottomans.  This particular war ended in 1676 with the Treaty of Żurawno and the Commonwealth giving up
    control of most of its Ukraine territories.
  • 1635 - 1686 "Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth: Lands Lost 1657 - 86" (571KB), in a
    contemporary map. Lands lost are clear, but 17th century Polish administrative division and town names
    mix with contemporary names: "Kiejdany," "Troki" and "Wileńskie" are next to "Duchy of Samogitia" and
    "Vilnius." Jointly-administered Polish-Lithuanian Livonia is identified as "Polish Livland"
  • 1673 Niewiadomski (painter/mapmaker): "POLSKA po rozejmie Andruszowskim i traktacie
    Buczackim, r. 1673" (Poland following the Armistice and treaties of Andrusovo and
    Buczacz) from the 1908 (7.1MB) and 1920 (6.2MB) editions of his "Atlas do dziejów Polski," whose
    maps were based on those created by Joachim Lelewel. The primary difference between the 1908 and
    1920 versions: the 1908 version entirely omits Polish - Lithuanian Livonia, while the 1920 version
    correctly includes the boundaries of "Inflanty polskie..."
  • 1677 - 1699 Bazewicz (writer/cartographer): "POLSKA po rozejmie Andruszowsk, 1677 r.; i po
    pokoju Buczackim, 1672 r.; zodz. po pok. Karlewick, 1699 r." (1.3MB). The Peace of Karlowitz,
    1699, was signed by the Ottoman Empire on one side, and, on the other, the Holy League of 1684, a
    coalition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Holy Roman Empire, the Republic of Venice and
    Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, signifying the end of Ottoman dominance in Central Europe. Bazewicz
    takes a neutral -- and mistaken -- position by identifying Polish - Lithuanian Livonia as just "Inflanty"

  • (MapsLithInEurope): c1550 Münster (cosmologist/theologin/mapmaker): "MODERNA EVROPAE
    DESCRIPTIO." (2.3MB), Basle, in  the first hand-colored version of this map, with North on the bottom, first
    published in his "Geographia" in 1540. Listed are "Livonia," "Samogitia," "Litvania," and "Polonia." Compare
    with the 1540, 1542 and 1555 versions
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery