Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,830 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     785 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     507 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     193 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     167 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     151 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       116 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       39 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       27 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

July 1 adds: 10 maps; 2 detail images: identified at their image as "NEW" until  the next update.

Next update: July 8

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 26.4%; 2. Latvia: 15.4%; Lithuania: 9.1%; 4. Russia: 8.0%; 5. Other: 41.1%

  • c1636 Mercator (geographer/astronomer/globe-maker/engraver/cartographer/mathematician/  
    publisher) - Jansson (publisher): "Livoniæ et Curlandiæ Descriptio." (362 KB), Amsterdam, in an
    apparently unrecorded Third State of Mercator's original map, first published in the "Atlantis Pars Altera" in
    1595. In the second state Mercator's imprint of Mercator is retained but "Amstelodami, Sumptibus Henrici
    Hondii. 1627" was added in the lower right corner. The heavy stippling of the sea has been removed in this
    Third state, perhaps to make it acceptable for the new "Atlas Novus"

  • 1685 de Wit (engraver/publisher): "REGNI POLONIÆ et Ducatus LITHUANIÆ, Voliniæ, Podoliæ,
    Vcraniæ, Prvssiæ et Cvrlandiæ descriptio.." (8.2 MB),  Amsterdam, published by Abraham Wolfgang,  
    in a second version

  • de Fer (geographer/publisher) - van Loon (engraver/publisher): "Carte Des Estats De Suede, De
    Dannemarq, Et De Pologne sur la Mer Baltique [right cartouche]; Estats des Couronnes de
    Dannemark, Suede, et Pologne fur la Mer Baltique [left cartouche]" Paris, from de Fer's "Folio Atlas"
  • "Avec Privilege du Roy 1700" [at the bottom of the right cartouche] (808 KB), in the two-joined-  
    sheet version, to complement the existing two versions of the eastern half, which shows the Polish-
    Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • "Avec Privilege du Roy 1705" [at the bottom of the right cartouche] in three versions (3.6 MB, 4.3
    MB, 1.2 MB)

  • 1720 Weigel: "Poloniæ & Lithvania accurante curatius" (.9 MB), Nürnberg, from Weigel & J.D.   
    Kohler's “Atlas Manualis Scholasticus et Itinerarius Complectens Novæ Geographiæ..."

  • c1773 Mayer (astronomer/mathematician/mapmaker) -  Homann Heirs (publishers): "Mappa
    Geographica Regni Poloniæ ex novissimis quot quot sunt mappis specialibus composita in
    partes maiores Austriac. russic. et Borussic. divisa et luci publice traddita per Homannianos
    Heredes Norinbergæ C.P.S.C.M." (339 KB), along with two detail images (349  and 290 KB). A well-   
    erased and well-worn cartouche drops both Mayer's name and year of creation, present on the two other  
    Mayer - Homann Heirs maps of the Commonwealth published around the same time. This version does not
    show results of the First, 1772, Partition

  • 1799 Laurie & Whittle (publishers): "A NEW MAP OF THE KINGDOM OF POLAND WITH TS
    DISMEMBERED PROVINCES, AND THE KINGD. OF PRUSSIA" (3.8 MB), London, in a second     
    version based on an earlier map by D'Anville, and showing results of all three partitions

  • 1918 (Anon.): "Oberbefehlshaber Ost (General beim Stabe) Zentralpolizeistelle Litauen –
    Kurland" (1.2 MB). A rare map indeed of the administrative divisions of the occupying German army! The
    source gives the publication date as 1918, but the map reflects the Ob Ost's boundaries through August 1917,   
    before a German advance in September 1917 finally crossed the Daugava and conquered Riga
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: