Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,403 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     695 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     177 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     150 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     140 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        97 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       35 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       23 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

March 27 adds: 8 maps; 15 detail images; 3 improved images; 1 replacement map


April 9 - 12, 2015
New York Antiquarian Book [and Map] Fair  
Over 200 American and international dealers will exhibit at The New York Antiquarian Book Fair,
bringing a vast selection of rare books, maps, manuscripts, illuminated manuscripts and ephemera.
Discovery Day: The South Hall, Sunday April 12th from noon - 3 pm. Maximum of 5 items permitted.
Each year on the Sunday of the fair, exhibitors offer their expertise to attendees. Discovery Day allows
visitors to bring up to five items to discuss with experts. While formal appraisals are not given, dealers
will discuss authenticity and condition, giving informal appraisals.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 22.8%; 2. Latvia: 15.7%; 3. Lithuania: 13.6%; 4. Germany: 9.5%; Other: 38.4%
75% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, over 6 minutes

  • c1630 Mercator (Belgian geographer/astronomer/globe-maker/engraver/cartographer/mathematician/
    publisher) - Hondius (Dutch engraver/publisher): "LIVONIA" (3.4 MB), Amsterdam. Mercator's 1627-dated
    map, reissued by Hondius, who added his name in the lower-right corner, in an image replacing one of two
    existing versions -- a map I now see was incorrectly attributed

  • 1662 Duval (French geographer/publisher): "POLOGNE Royaume Electif." (384 KB), Paris, from "Le
    Monde ou la Geographic Universelle"

  • 1752 de Vaugondy (French mapmakers/publishers): "LE ROYAUME DE POLOGNE divise euses duches
    at provinces et subdivise en Palatinats"  Paris, in an improved image of the second version (from 461 KB
    to 651 KB), two improved detail images, and the addition of a third detail image (543 KB), all from his  "Atlas

  • 1797  (Anon.): "General-Karte von den Preußischen, Russischen und Oestreichischen
    Besitzungen im ehemaligen Polen" (General map of the Prussian, Russian and Austrian
    possessions in the former Poland) (166 KB), Nürnberg, published by Verlag der Schneider und
    Weigelschen. Also nine detail images covering the entire map and cartouche

  • 1871 (Anon.): "Почтовая Карта Европейской России" (Postal Map of European Russia) (4.7
    MB). Published in behalf of the Russian Empire's postal department by the mapmaking firm Ilyin, the map
    depicts, in Cyrillic, post offices, branches and stations, telegraph and railway stations, railways, and postal,
    telegraph and steamship lines

  • 1916 Józef Michał Bazewicz (Polish mapmaker): "Mapa Europy Środkowej" (Map of Central Europe)
    (176 KB), Warsaw. Also five detail images depicting the guberni of European Russia and neighboring countries

  • 1919 (Anon.) "Map of Lithuanian Republic" (165 KB), a proposed map of a newly independent Lithuania
    said to have been delivered to the Paris Peace Conference by the Lithuanian delegation. In  1939, Lithuanian
    Foreign Minister Stasys Lozoraitis unsuccessfully proposed the same map and boundaries to German Foreign
    Minister Ribbentrop as part of Polish partition discussions

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1745 Moll (German (?) engraver/cartographer/publisher): "A Chart of the Baltick or East Sea.
    Gulf of Finland &c." (2.1 MB), London. A compass rose and distance scale, and not much else

  • 1803 Faden (English engraver/cartographer/publisher): "A General Chart of the Baltic or East
    Sea, including the Gulfs of Botnia and Finland, Compiled by Surveys Made by Order of the
    Admiralties of Copenhagen, Stockholm and St, Petersburgh" (494 KB), London. Compare with
    the 1811 version next to it -- the sounding depths are not as clear on this image

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 501 - 550 (Anon.): "Osteuropa in der ersten Hälfte des 6 jahrhunderts" (367 KB), showing
    "Balten" in an area from present-day Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast, east past present-day Belarus to
    beyond present-day Moscow. "Slaven" are shown in two limited areas: the Pripyat (Pinsk) marshes, and
    what today is eastern Romania. The marshes served as a hideout for Soviet and Polish partisans during
    WWII. At one stage during the war Germany planned to drain the marshes, 'cleanse' them of their
    'degenerate' inhabitants, and repopulate the area with German colonists.  German racial anthropologist
    Theodor Poesche proposed, in the late 19th century, that the Aryan race evolved in the marshes due to
    the prevalence of albinism in the area
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: