Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it "...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..." My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
- Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
- Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.
- 2,164 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
- 535 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
- 134 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
- 125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 65 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
- 54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
- 34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
- 17 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
- 0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
August 29 adds: 9 new maps
Seeing text boxes mysteriously overlapping map images, or with text cut off? I fix it one week, only to
see it reappear, or change, the next week. Blame software "engineers" at Yahoo! Small Business, who
created errors while adjusting to the latest versions of Java software -- they screwed up how text boxes
work. Their stance? Fixing the problem they created is on a list of potential "product enhancements" --
which means they will take their time to fix their errors. I apologize in their behalf, because they won't.
Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 28.2%; 2. Lithuania: 12.8%; 3. Latvia: 12.5%; 4. Germany: 9.4%; Other: 37.1%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they each spend nearly 6 minutes here
- 1712 Wells (mathematician/geographer/theologian): "A New Map of Present Poland, Hungary,
Walachia, Moldavia, Little Tartary &c.Shewing thier Principall Divisions Chief Cities, Towns,
Rivers, &c.," Oxford, in colored (356KB) and uncolored (191KB) versions from an atlas dedicated to the Duke
of Gloucester, who was then attending school in Oxford. The full title of the atlas: "A new sett of maps both of
antient and present geography : wherein not only the latitude and longitude of many places are corrected
according to the latest observations, but also the most remarkable differences of antient and present geography
may be quickly discern'd by a bare inspection or comparing of correspondent maps, which seems to be the
most natural and easy method to lead young students (for whose use the work is principally intended) unto a
competent knowledge of the geographical science : together with a geographical treatise particularly adapted to
the use and design of these maps"
- 1730 Homann (publisher): 'DVCATVVM LIVONIAE et CVRLANDIAE.." Nuremburg, in a sixth version, in four
images (581KB, 684KB, 580KB, 614KB), the 1730 version distinguishable from the 1720 by the addition of
"Cum Privilegio S.C.M." to the cartouche
- 1730 Schreiber (cartographer): "Reise Charte durch das Königreich Polen : mit allen darzu
gehörigen Laendern / verfertiget [made by] von J G Schreibern in Leipzig" (Travel Map of the
Kingdom of Poland with all associated countries) (2.1MB), in a second, differently-colored, version
from his "Atlas Minor." Compare with the 1739 version. Both have unusual boundaries for "Troki" and "Wilno"
- 1856 Dussieux (historian): "Carte Ethnographique de L'Europe" (3.3MB), Paris, dated 1848, but
published in his 1856 "Atlas General De Geographie Physique, Politique Et Historique." See "Lithuaniens"
under "Race Lettone (Lattwi)" along with "Les Prussiens (Prusse Royale)," "Les Szamaites," "Les Coures
et Les Semgalles," and "Les Lottwanes"
- 1861 Pritchard (physician): "Ethnographic Map of Europe in the Earliest Times, Illustrative
of Dr. Pritchard's Natural History of Man and His Researches into the Physical History of
Mankind. Second Edition" (2.6MB), London (The first edition was published 1843.) Pritchard is
considered a precursor of Darwin and a founder of racial studies. He was one of the first ethnologists to
believe all races originated from the same species in Africa. Here the categorization of "Pruthenian,
Lithuanian or Lettish Race," is centered in "Sammland"
- (MapsLithInEurope): 1791 von Reilly (publisher): "Das Östliche und Nördliche Europa Dritte
Einleitungs und Übersichts Karte zum ersten Theile des Schauplatzes der fünf Theile der Welt
nach und zu Püschings grosser Erdbeschreibung," (Eastern and Northern Europe: Third
introduction and Map for the first part of the geography of the five parts of the world
according to Püschings "Description of the Earth") (2.2MB), Vienna, from his atlas "Schauplatzes der
fünf Theile der Welt..," based on work by the German geographer Püschings. An interesting note: "Grönland" is
included as "Europe"
- c1760 Loots (publisher): "Dese Nieuwe en Curieuse Paskaart van een Gedeelte van Oost
Zee..." (A New and Interesting Sea Chart of a Portion of the East Sea) (3.1MB) Amsterdam.
The eastern half of this over-sized sea chart of the Baltic, originally published by Loots and later re-issued
by his widow and by his brother-in-law, Isaac Swigters -- and likely reissued thereafter by Hendrik
Mooy. The present chart may be Loots' second published chart of the Baltic, following his chart of circa
1700, which likely was based largely upon the surveys of Peter Gedda published in 1694 by Jacobus
Robijn, which Loots pirated in 1697. A great cartouche, and many towns along the coast of "Pruyssen,"
"Curland," "Lyfland," and "Estland"
- 1811 Faden: "A general chart of the Baltic or East Sea, including the gulfs of Bothnia and
Finland. Compiled from the surveys made by order of the admiralties of Copenhagen,
Stockholm & St. Petersburgh. London, published by W. Faden, Geographer to the King
and to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales" (2.9MB), London, from Faden's 1811 "General Atlas"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire (although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons