LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East
European countries -- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's
Kaliningrad Oblast, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and
Ukraine..."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland,
the Kaliningrad Oblast,and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps
here of interest.



























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,176 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     543 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     134 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •         69 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        17 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

September 12 adds: 7 new maps; 4 detail map images

NEXT UPDATE: September 26

Seeing text boxes mysteriously overlapping map images, or with text cut off? I fix it one week, only to
see it reappear, or change, the next week. Blame software "engineers" at Yahoo! Small Business, who
created errors while adjusting to the latest versions of Java software -- they screwed up how text boxes
work. Their stance? Fixing the problem they created is on a list of potential "product enhancements" --
which means they will take their time to fix their errors. I apologize in their behalf, because they won't.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.7%; 2. Lithuania: 12.0%; 3. Latvia: 11.9%; 4. Germany: 9.7%; Other: 38.8%
80%+ of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they each spend about 5 minutes here

  • c1560 Münster (cosmographer/theologian/mapmaker): "Beschreibung aller Länder so etwan dem
    Königreich Poland underworffen seind gewesen" (Description of all countries insofar as they
    were subjects of the Kingdom of Poland) (451KB),  in a colored, German-language, version of this map
    and page, to complement the existing uncolored French-language version from 1556 on the same page, both
    from his "Cosmographia"

  • 1728 Seutter (publisher): "POLONIAE REGNUM UT ET MAGNI DUCATUS LITHUANIAE" (232KB),
    in the second state, with characteristic added letters to the border scales. Also two detail images (261KB,
    284KB). Compare with the 1730 second-state images

  • 1828 Kośmiński: "Karta Królestwa Polskiego obejmująca wszystkie miasta i wsie a mianowicie
    kościelne, wszelkie trakty pocztowe i komory celne ..." (Map of the Polish Kingdom, including
    all towns and villages, the churches, all the postal routes and customs offices...) (7.7MB),
    Warszawa

  • (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1944)
  • Late 1930's to 1940's "Deutsche Heereskarte Großblatt" (German Army maps) at 1:100 000 of East
    Prussia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belorussia SSR. Published by the OKH/ General Staff of the Army,
    Chief of War Maps and Surveying:
  • 1940 Nr. 325 Święciany (Lith.: Švenčionys; Bel.: Свянцяны/Svjacjany; Rus.: Свентяны/
    Sventiany; Yid.: סווענציאן /Sventzion; Ger.: Swenziany), (12.1MB), the title town in today's
    Lithuania, just under 47 miles northeast of Vilnius, It was in Poland between WWI and WWII, in the
    Belarussian SSR in 1939, in the Lithuanian SSR in 1940

  • 1940's German "Reichsamt für Landesaufnahme," which were based on turn-of-the-century Prussian
    maps: "Übersichts Karte von Mitteleuropa" at 1:300 000. Today, two maps covering present-day
    western Latvia:
  • 1944 "Windau" (Ventspils) (4.5MB)
  • 1944 "Libau" (Liepaja) (6.3MB)

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1872 Kiepert (cartographer): "Völker und Sprachen-Karte von Deutschland und den
    Nachbarländern" (Peoples and Languages in Germany and Neighboring Lands) (298KB),
    Berlin, at 1:3 000 000, published by Dietrich Reimer.  Also two detail images of the legend (91KB), and
    the corner of the map showing East Prussia, future Lithuania and Poland (399KB).  Note that "Littauer"
    predominate in future (post-WWII-boundary) Lithuania except south and west of "Merecz" (Merkinė)
    and east of "Wilna" -- very unlike later ethnographic depictions
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery