Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,285 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     586 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     174 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     147 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     139 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        81 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        18 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

December 12 adds: 10 maps; 4 detail images

NEXT UPDATE: December 19

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 22.2%; 2. Latvia: 16.0%; 3. Lithuania: 11.9%; 4. Germany: 10.3%; Other: 39.6%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 6 minutes

  • 1680 Pitt (publisher): "Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae Caetrarumq Regionum illi Adiacentium exacta
    decrip..." (1.0 MB), Amsterdam, in a late re-issue of Jansson's single sheet version, which was based on
    Blaeu's version of Hessel Gerritsz's original 1613 map

  • 1740 Tirion (publisher): "NIEUWE KAART von ket KONINKRYK POOLEN" (420 KB), Amsterdam,
    from "Nieuwe enbeknopte handatlas," published in six editions from 1740 to 1784. Also two detail images (397
    KB, 358 KB) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

  • 1760 Euler (astronomer/mathematician/cartographer): "BORUSSIA REGIA et DUCALIS jussu
    Academ:..." (397 KB), Berlin, in a second version from his "Geographischer Atlas." Note the two
    Brandenburg-Prussian-owned (from 1691 - 1793) areas colored reddish-purple just north and east of the
    Memel region: "Herrschaft Tauroggen" (Tauragė) and "Herrschaft Serrey" (Seirijai) -- "dowries" to Prussia as
    a result of the marriage of Margrave Ludwig of Brandenburg to Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł.
    Brandenburg united with the Duchy of Prussia  (a fief of Poland from 1525 - 1657) to form the Kingdom of
    Prussia in 1701. Both the Herrschafts became part of the Empire of Russia after the Third, 1795, Partition

  • 1799 von Reilly (mapmaker/publisher): “Allgemeiner Postkarte von Russland zur Uebersicht
    Uebersicht / Compendium Mappae Itinerariae, Quae Regna Et Provincias Imperii Russici
    Repraesentat" (2.5 MB), Vienna, from von Reilly and Kuhn's "Atlas Universae rei veredariae bilinguis ...
    Postatlas von der ganzen Welt,“ the first  European postal atlas, showing postal routes in European Russia

  • 1908 Arbusow (historian): “Geschichte Liv-, Est- und Kurlands” (544 KB), Riga, from his “Grundriss
    der Geschichte Liv-, Est- und Kurlands” (History of Livonia, Estonia and Courland). Shows interesting -- but
    unlabeled -- borders between Courland and future Lithuania. Also a detail image (670 KB)

  • 1916 Romer (geographer/cartographer/geopolitician): "Administracya" (Administrative districts
    [of Poland]) (618 KB), Vienna, at 1:5 000 000, within the outline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
    "Litauen" and "Klein-Russland" are lumped as one entity from Riga to western Ukraine

  • 1916 Romer: "Wojenno-politczna mapa Polski" (Military-political map of Poland [on the
    occasion of the Proclamation of 5th November 1916]) (6.1 MB).  Germany and Austria-Hungary         
    issued a manifesto promising freedom and statehood to a Polish nation. Romer responded with his definition of
    "sfera polskich interesow" (sphere of Polish interests) which on this map includes nearly all of the former
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania's lands, leaving out only Latgale and Vitebsk

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): this week, three depictions of the Three Partitions of the Polish - Lithuanian
  • Poirson (cartographer) - P.A. Tardieu (engraver): “POLOGNE Avec les partages de 1792, 1793 et
    1795, Corrigée et augmentée en 1801” (643 KB). Also a detail image (602 KB), which makes clear
    the eastern limits of the "Duche De Lithuanie" at the time of the partitions
  • Bonne (engineer/matematician/cartographer): “Carte du Royaume de Pologne et du Grand
    Duche de Lithuanie” (469 KB), from Grenet's “Atlas Portatif.“ The map is dated 1786, and the source
    said it was published in the 1780’s, but the map also labels and defines all three partitions -- the last, of
    course, in 1795. "Lithuanie's" dimensions, if not borders, are clearly implied
  • Davies (historian/author) – Was (probable mapmaker): “The Partitions of Poland (1773-95)”
    (330 KB), from my copy of his “God's Playground: A History of Poland” (Columbia Univ. Press, 2005).
    Despite the incorrect title, the First Partition is correctly noted, twice, on the map as “1772,” not 1773 –
    when it was implemented. Davies has a lot to say about Lithuania’s role in, and the consequences to
    Lithuania due to, the partitions, but chose, via the mapmaker, to leave "Lithuania" completely off this map
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery