Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,213 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     551 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     162 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     138 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •         73 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        18 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

October 24 adds: 10 new maps; 5 new detail image

NEXT UPDATE: October 31

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.8%; 2. Latvia: 14.2%; 3. Lithuania: 12.9%; 4. Germany: 9.1%; Other: 40.3%
80%+ of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they spend, on average, over 8 minutes here

  • c1578 Münster (theologian/cosmographer/mapmaker): "Landtafel des Ungerlands / Polands /
    Reussen /Littaw / Walachen und Bulgaren" (2.7 MB), Basle, from his "Cosmographia Universalis,"
    which had up to 500 woodcuts and 24 double-page maps, published in editions from 1544 until 1628. Compare
    with the two 1588 versions beside it

  • 1780 "Могилевскаго..." (Mogilev gubernia) (3.6 MB), formed in 1772, after the First partition of the
    Grand Duchy, from parts of the voivodeships of Witebsk, Mścisław, Połock and Polish-Lithuan- ian Livonia. All
    in Cyrillic, with a lovely cartouche

  • 1786 Turner (author/cartographer) - Garnet (engraver): "Poland and Prussia" (140 KB) London, from
    his "A New and Easy Introduction to Universal Geography," published in at least 11 editions

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): This week, three maps produced by Polish patriots showing the partitions of the
    Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, notable primarily for the complete absence of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,
    and a German-produced map, which, lacking a political agenda, shows the Commonwealth as it actually existed:
  • 1772 "Pierwszy rozbiór Polski" (First Partition of Poland) (147KB),  from the 1921 "Polski Atlas
  • 1772-95 Niewiadomski: "Rozbiory Polski r. 1772, 1793, 1795" (Partitions of Poland),  from the
    1908 (7.5 MB) and 1920 (5.3 MB) editions of his "Atlas do Dziejów Polski..."  A few more cities are
    identified in the later version, and both have an unidentifed dotted line separating the Grand Duchy from
    the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia -- which is also unidentifed, other than being "Poland"
  • 1772 - 1795 Carl Wolff: "DAS ehemalige KÖNIGREICH POLEN nach den grenzen von 1772..."
    (The Kingdom of Poland, by the former boudaries of 1772) (269 KB), Hamburg, at 1:3 000
    000. Published in 1872. Also five detail images (from 46 KB to 493 KB), including the cartouche and
    legend. This German-produced map, published more than 30 years before the previous three maps,
    nevertheless clearly identifies and distinguishes between "Gross-Polen," "Klein-Polen," "Lithauen," and
    "Kurland u. Semgallen," and shows provincial boundaries

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):  
  • 1914 "The alleged Conspiracy between the Kaiser and the Archduke Francis Ferdinand,
    June, 1914" (390 KB), showing how they planned to divide up Europe, with the Archduke controling a
    new "Kingdom of Poland"
  • c1943 "Ostland" showing administrative districts within "Generalbezirk Estland, - Lettland, -Litauen
    and -Weissruthenian"

  • (SeaChartsBaltic): c1654 Colom (marine cartographer): "Oost Zee door Arnold Colom ..." (3.0 MB),
    Amsterdam, from his "Zee Atlas Ofte Water-Wereldt," among the rarest of all folio-sized Sea Atlases published
    in the 17th Century
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery