Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,455 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     710 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     183 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     150 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     141 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        98 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       36 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       24 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

May 15 adds: 10 new maps; 3 new detail images


Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 21.6%; 2. Latvia: 18.2%; 3. Lithuania: 15.3%; 4. Germany: 8.4%; Other: 36.5%
77% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, over 5 minutes

  • 1659 Olearius (German diplomat/mapmaker): "CARTE DE LA LIVONIE ou LIFLAND" (244 KB), in a
    second, colored, version, with three detail images (349 KB, 283 KB, 260 KB).  Includes most of "Samogetie"   
    and northwest "Lithuanie"

  • 1703 de Fer (geographer/publisher): "ESTATS DE LA COURONNE DE. POLOGNE.." (226 KB), Paris, in  
    a second, colored, version from the third edition of his "Methode pour apprendre geographie." Compare with  
    the 1714 version

  • 1705 Sanson (cartographer) - de Winter (engraver): "De Staten van de Kroon POOLEN" (2.6 MB),
    Amsterdam , in a second version. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania includes "Smolensko" province

  • 1733 Tirion (publisher): "NIEUWE KAART VANT KONINKRYK POOLEN..." (336 KB), in a fourth
    version.   Compare with the others and with a similar, 1736, Tirion map

  • 1789 von Reilly (mapmaker/publisher): "GENERAL KARTE von der Koniglichen Republik POLEN
    mit den verwandten Landernund dem Konigreiche PREUSSEN, Nro. 34" (177 KB). Compare with
    the 1791 version

  • 1829 Schlieben (geographer): "Russland Gouv: 34. Wilna. 35. Grodno. 36. Bialystock" (970 KB),  
    Leipzig, at 1:500 000, from Herman's "Atlas von Europa"

  • 1940 (Anon.): "Baltische Länder: Estland, Litauen, Lettland" (635 KB), from "Deutschland und die
    Welt -Atlas für Beruf und Haus." Unlike the other 1940 map next to it, this map shows interwar boundaries
    between Lithuania and Poland

  • (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1944): 1940's German "Reichsamt für Landesaufnahme" updates to turn-of-the-
    century Prussian maps: "Übersichts Karte von Mitteleuropa" at 1:300 000, produced 1919 - 1945. From the
    mid-1930s, Polish 1:300 000 maps were copied, and, during WWII, captured Soviet maps in 1:100 000 and   
    1:200 000 scale were used to produce new editions
  • 1943 "Blatt Nr. U59 Dorpat" (7.5 MB). Dominated by German nobility from the 13th to the late 19th
    century, Dorpat became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth  in 1582, was briefly captured by
    Sweden, regained by the Commonwealth, then recaptured by Sweden in 1625. In 1721 the area became
    part of the Russian Empire, and was renamed Derpt (Дерпт). In 1893 it was again renamed, this time to
    Yuryev (Юрьев). In 1920, with Estonian independence, the Estonian name Tartu became official for the
    second-largest city in Estonia after Talinn

  • 1944 "Blatt Nr. S54 Lyck" (7.3 MB), the title town's German name, it was assigned to Poland in 1945  
    and renamed Ełk, although previous Polish versions of the town's name were Łęg or Łęk

  • 1944 "Blatt Nr. U60 Narwa (Narva)" (4.3 MB), (Rus.: Нарва), is today the third-largest city in
    Estonia, on the border with Russia
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: