Maps: Lithuania Minor - Prussian Lithuania
Prussian Lithuanians   Lithuania Minor
2017 Renata3 (on wikipedia): "Etno-
graphic regions of Lithuania (based on
19th century culture)."Self-made using
Inkscape. Background: from image:
LithuaniaPhysicalMap-Clean.svg by
user:Knutux. Factual information is from
map of etnographic regions by Centre for
cartography, Vilnius University
401 - 500: "Baltu gentys V a." (Baltic
tribes in the 5th cent.) after Marija
Gimbutas.
Pre-History Caspar Henneberger
(historian/mapmaker): "Des Preusserlan."
(The Prussians, in pre- history) Königsberg,
from his
1584 history of Prussia. This is a
reduced version of his 1576 nine-sheet map
which was the basis for many later
versions by different mapmakers.
From
www.web.archive.org
1201 - 1301 "Prussian Tribes in the 13th
Century." The indicated cities/castles were
built by the Teutonic Knights to facilitate
conquest. Areas in grey reached further
south than shown on this map. Prussian
clans of Galindians, Sudovians, Sasna and
Lubavia as well as Kulmerland were
subjected to numerous incursions and
conquests by recently arriving Slavs.
From
Renata3 at wikipedia
Dr. M. Toeppen: "PREUSSEN in der
Heidnischen Teil
(pagan times)," published
1858
1584 Caspar Henneberger -  Abraham Ortelius: "PRVSSIÆ..." 18 x 14 inches, Antwerp,
in three different versions, with two different cartouches, all from his "Theatrum Orbis
Terrarum," and both showing the Memel/Klaipeda area of Lithuania. The maps are
based on the work of, and credited to, Caspar Henneberger. See the versions dated
1593, 1606,1630, 1634, 1640, 1645, 1665, 1681, and 1690
www.raremaps.com
www.orteliusmaps.com
www.raremaps.com
1593 Cornelis de Jode (son of Gerard): "PRVSSIÆ
REGIONIS SARMATIÆ..." Antwerp, 18 x 14 inches, from
Vol. 2 of his 1593 "Speculum Orbis Terrarum." The
geography is based on Caspar Henneberger’s 1576
woodcut map of Prussia. A not-as-successful, but
generally superior, contemporary of Ortelius, with
Ortelius actively obstructing de Jode through his
political connections.
Both maps from www.raremaps.com
1601 Caspar Henne-
berger -  
Abraham
Ortelius: "Prussiӕ Vera
Descriptio.," Antwerp,
from "Theatrum Orbis
Terrarum." See versions
dated 1584, 1593, 1608,
1630, 1634, 1640, 1645,
1665, 1681, 1690.
From
www.sanderusmaps.com
1607 Gerard Mercator  -
Hondius - Janssonius

(publishers)
: "Prussia,"
Amsterdam, 17 x 23 cm,
from "Atlas minor Gerardi
Mercatoris."
From  
www.davidrumsey.com
1608 Henneberger
(original mapmaker) -  
Abraham Ortelius - J.B.
Vrients
(publisher):
"Prussiӕ Vera Descriptio
..," Antwerp, 47 x 37
cm, from "Theatro Del
Mondo Di Abrahamo
Ortelio."
From www.
davidrumsey.com
1619 Gerard Mercator:
(mapmaker)
: "PRVSSIA,
"Amsterdam, 19 x 14.5
inches, from his "Atlas
Sive Cosmographia."
From www.raremaps.com
Caspar Henneberger - Willem Blaeu: "PRVSSIÆ NOVA TABVLÆ," Amsterdam. 39 x 48
cm / 19.5 x 15 inches. The 1630 and 1634 versions are from Blaeu's first atlas:
"Atlantis Appendix..." The 1640 version is from his "Atlas Maior."
1630
www.davidrumsey.com
1634
www.raremaps.com
1630 Gerard Mercator
(mapmaker)
- Pieter Van
Den Keere
(engraver) -
J.E. Cloppenburgh
(publisher): "Prussia,"
Amsterdam, 7.5 x 9.8
inches /19.0 x 25.0 cm,
from "Atlas Minor."
From
www.swaen.com
1637 Gerhard Mercator
(mapmaker)
- Jodocus
Hondius
(original pub-
lisher)
- Michaell Sparke
(London publisher):
"Prussia," 15 x 20 cm,
from "Historia mundi: or
Mercator's atlas," second
edition.
From  
www.davidrumsey.com
1630 Gerard Mercator  
(mapmaker): "Accurata
Prussiæ Descriptio,"
Amsterdam, with
Mercator's "privilege."
From  Royal Danish Library:
www.kb.dk  
Caspar Henneberger (oroginal cartographer) -  Jan (II)  Jansson (publisher): "Prvssia
Accvrate Descripta a Gasparo Henneberg Erlichensi," Amsterdam, 19 x 15 inches.
1640
www.raremaps.com
1645
wikipedia
1645
wikipedia
1647-50 Caspar Henneberger (original cartographer) -  
Jan (II) Jansson (intermediate publisher) - W. & J. Blaeu
(publisher)
: "Prvssia Accvrate Descripta a Gasparo
Henneberg Erlichensi," Amsterdam, 19 x 15 inches,
from "Toonneel des Aerdrycx, ofte nieuwe Atlas..." Text
on verso is Dutch.
1665 Caspar Henne-
berger
(original carto-
grapher)
- Willem Blaeu
(publisher)
: "PRVSSIÆ
NOVA TABVLÆ,"
Amsterdam. 39 x 48 cm
/ 19.5 x 15 inches, from
Blaeu's  "Atlas Maior."
 
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1640
https://antique-maps.lt/
Caspar Henneberger (historian/original mapmaker in
1576)
- Claes Visscher (revising mapmaker in 1630) -
Nicolaes Visscher II
(publisher, who received the
"privilege" noted in the cartouche in 1682)
: "Tabula
PRUSSIÆ eximia cura conscripta..." Amsterdam, 45 x
54 cm., from his "Atlas Minor." Based on a 1576 nine-
sheet map of Prussia by Henneberger. In the lower left
corner engraver's signature: "A Goos sculpsit." In the
upper left corner there is an inset view of  "Konigsberg."
1689 [dated] da Vignola
(cartographer) - Barbey
(engraver) - di Rossi
(publisher):
"La Prussia
divisa in reale che appar-
tiene al re di Polonia,"
Rome, 43 x 58 cm, from di
Rossi's "Mercurio Geografico."
From www.davidrumsey.com
1682
1690
www.davidrumsey.com
1641 Henneberger - Jan-
sson - Hondius
(publisher):
"Prussia Accurate De-
scripta..." from "...Nouvel
Atlas..."
From
www.sanderusmaps.com
http://antique-maps.lt
www.sanderusmaps.com
1651 Gerard Mercator  
(mapmaker) - Jan
Jansson
(publisher):
"PRVSSIA," 7.5 x 5.7
inches /19.1 x 14.5 cm,
from "Atlas Minor."
From  
www.oldworldauctions.com
1627 David Custos
(Custodis/Custis)
(engraver/mapmaker) -
Raphael Custos
(engraver
/publisher)
: "Prvssia Lat.
Prevssen
Ger." Augsburg,
12 x 10 1/2 inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
1680 Caspar Henne-
berger
(original carto-
grapher)
- S. Rogeri
& E.S. Hamersveldt
(
engravers) -  Jan (II)
Jansson (co-publisher) -
Moses Pitt
(co-publisher):
"PRUSSIA Accurate
Descripta," Oxford, 14.8
x 19.1 inches, blank
verso, from Pitt's "The
English Atlas."
From
www.sanderusmaps.com
c1690 - 1706 Frederick de Wit (engraver/
publisher)
: "Ducatus Prussiæ, tam Polono
Regiæ..," Amsterdam. Wit acquired his
'cum privilegio" in 1688. Wit's widow,
Maria, continued the business after Wit's
death in 1706, until 1709, when the
remaining stock and plates were sold to
Pieter Mortier, Pieter can der Aa, and
Louis Renard. Covens and Mortier
republished Wit's maps until 1763.
From
the  Royal Danish Library: www.kb.dk
c1696 David Funck (publisher) - Johann
Joachim Püschel
(engraver): "Magnӕ
Prussiӕ Ducatus Tabula denuo correcta et
in lucem edita..," Nuremberg, 21.5 x 18.5
inches. Funck commissioned maps from J.
B. Homann, and had Püschel re-engrave
this one, in editions from 1680 to 1700.

From www.raremaps.com
c1701-14 J.B. Homann (engraver/
geographer /publisher)
:  "Regnum
Borussiae..Norembergae.
" From Royal Danish
Library: www.kb.dk
c1701-09 J. B. Homann (engraver/
geographer /publisher)
: "Regnum
Borussiæ..Norimbergæ." 47 x 55 cm.
From
the Univ. of Chicago: www.luna.lib.uchicago.edi
c1701-14 J. B. Homann (engraver/
geographer /publisher)
: "Regnum
Borussiæ..Norimbergæ."
From Royal Danish
Library: www.kb.dk
1694 Philip Cluver
(geographer/publisher)
:
"
Prussiӕ Nova Tabula,"
London.
From Gzsmith on
eBay
1711 Philipp Cluver
(
historical geographer) -
John Harris
(engraver):
"Prussiӕ Nova Tabula,"
London, 12.9 x 10.3
inches, from his "Intro-
ductio in Universam
Geographiam."
From
www.oldworldauctions.com
c1715-24 J. B. Homann (engraver/
geographer /publisher)
: "Regnum
Borussiæ..Norimbergæ." 47 x 55 cm.
Differs from the earlier image above of the
same map by the addition of Homann's
"Cum Privilegio..," which he received in
1715, in the cartouche.
From Royal Danish
Library: www.kb.dk
c1715-24 J. B. Homann (engraver/
geographer /publisher)
: "Regnum
Borussiæ..Norimbergæ." Differs from the
earlier image above of the same map by
the addition of Homann's "Cum
Privilegio..," which he received in 1715, in
the cartouche.
From Royal Danish Library:
www.kb.dk
1735 J.F. Betgen - Homann
Heirs
(publishers):  "LITHU-
ANIAM BORUSSICAM..." 49
x 58.5 cm., in three
versions: a top half of the
full map
(from www.gallica.
bnf.fr)
; the second is both
parts, separately, and
the third version
(from  the
Univ. of Freiburg: http://dl.ub.uni
-freiburg de/)
is the
full map in one image.
1744 Matthaus Seutter (publisher) - Jacob
Christoph Weyerman
(mapmaker) -
Andrea Silbereisen
(engraver): "Borussiӕ
Regnum..," Augsburg, 20 x 26 cm, from
"Atlas minor..."
From www.davidrumsey.com
1740 Johann Georg Schreiber (engraver/
geographer/publisher)
: "Das Königreich
Preussen nebst dem Polnischen Antheil,:
Leipzig, 17 x 25 cm, from the first edition
of his "Atlas selectus von allen
Konigreichen und Landern der Welt : zum
bequemen Gebrauch in Schulen, auf
Reisen und bey dem Lesen der Zeitungen.
Verfertiget und in Kupffer gestochen
von...
(Atlas of kingdoms and countries
around the world, to convenient use in
schools, on trips and the reader of
newspapers, prepared and engraved by...)
.
A second edition was published 1749.
From  
www.davidrumsey.com
1745 Reinier (publisher) & Joshua
(engraver) Ottens: "Regni Borussiae
Secundum Observationes Novissima,
Acuratissima Descriptio." Amsterdam, 46
x 61cm / 17.9 x 23.8 inches, in the first
state, from "Atlas sive Geographia
compendiosa..." With an inset map of
"Koningsberg."
From www.sanderusmaps.com
1749 [dated 1748] Didier Robert de
Vaugondy (mapmaker/publisher): "Roy-
aume de Prusse et Prusse Rle. ou Polonoise"
Paris, 6.5 x 7.5 inches, from his "Atlas
Portatif, Universel et Militaire..."
From
www.raremaps.com
1751 [dated] Didier Robert de Vaugondy
(mapmaker)
- Guillaume-Nicolas Delahaye
(engraver): "La Prusse divisee en Prusse
Royale, et Prusse Ducale laquelle a ete
erigee en Royaume par l'Empereur
Leopold..," Paris, 24 x 19.5 inches.
From
www. raremaps.com
1752 Johann Baptist Homann (engraver/
cartographer/publisher)
: "Regnum
Borussiae," Nuremberg, 50 x 59 cm, from
his second school atlas: "Major Atlas
Scholasticus." His first school atlas: "Atlas
Methodicus," 1719, had blank maps, while
his second used maps that appeared in his
other atlases.
From  www.davidrumsey.com
1753  Friedrich Gottlieb Berger (engraver) -
Leonhard Euler
- (mapmaker): "BORUSSIA
REGIA et DUCALIS..," Berlin, 41 x 31 cm.
From his "Geographischer Atlas," meant for
students. Note the two Prussian-owned
(from 1691 - 1793) areas colored reddish-
purple east of the Memel region: "Herrschaft
Tauroggen"
(Tauragė) and "Herrschaft
Serrey"
(Seirijai) --  "compensation to Prussia
as a result of the marriage of Margrave
Ludwig of Brandenburg to Princess Ludwika
Karolina Radziwiłł.
From www.davidrumsey.com
1763 Jan Władysław Suchodolec (architect/surveyor/
cartographer)
- Homann Heirs (publisher): the top
left and right maps of six unjoined sheets, the title
beginning on the top left map and ending on the
second map - "Regnum Borussiæ episcopatus
Warmiensis, palatinatus Mariaeburgensis et
CULMENSIS cum TERRITORIO DANTSICANO et
ichnographia urbis REGIOMANTIS Ausp. Acad. Reg.
Scient. Ber. N.p. 1763," Berlin, 60.6 x 51.8 cm,
dated on the map 1730, perhaps its initial
publication date.
Universitätsbibliothek
Bern: www.swissbib.ch
www.swaen.com
1775 [dated] Franz  Ludwig
Güssefeld
(cartographer/engraver)
- Homann Heirs
(publishers):
"Tabula Regni Borussiae
Borussiam Orientalem,"
Nuremberg, 60 x 46 cm.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1782[dated 1781] Giovanni Pitteri
(mapmaker) - Giuliano Zuliani (engraver) -
Antonio Zatta
(publisher): "Il Regno di
Prussia con la Prussia Polacca : Di nuova
Projezione..." Venice, 31 x 41 cm, from
Zatta's "Atlante novissimo..." a
four-volume atlas that was Italy's most
comprehensive in the 18th century.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1787 Franz Anton Schrambl: "Ost
Preussen," Vienna, from his  "Algemeiner
Grosser Atlas," begun in 1786, completed
in 1800.
From senizemelepiai.lt
c1790 Edme Mentelle: "N° 4 (bis) Dantzig,"  Paris,
79.9 x 56.8 cm, possibly from "Carte de l'ancien
royaume de Pologne," published with P.G.
Chanlaire.
From Old Times Rare Antiquarian Books:
cesgia  on eBay
1791 Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly:
"Das K
önigreich Preussen..," Vienna, 21
x 28,. cm., from "Atlas Schauplatz der
Fünf Theile der Welt ..."
From  Antiquariat
Daša Pahor  http://www.pahor.de
1791  Franz Johann
Joseph von Reilly: "Des
Königreichs Preussen
nördlichster Theil,
Nro.56," 22.5 x 27.5 cm /
8.8 x 10.8 inches.
From
matter.of.things. antiques on
eBay
1792 Jan Barend Elwe: "Regni Borussiae
Secun- dum Observationes Novissima
Accuratissima Descriptio," Amsterdam,
18.5 x 24 inches.
From www.raremaps.com
1796 Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly:
"XXV. Karte von Koenigreiche Preussen,"
Vienna, from "Grosser Deutscher Atlas."
Note areas labeled "Litauen."
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1799 John Cary: "A New Map of the
Kingdom of Prussia..." London, from
"Cary's New Universal Atlas." Note
extent of label of "Little Lithuania."
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1803 Friedrich Leopold von Schrötter: "Karte von Alt-Preussen
enthaltend Ost-Preusen nebst Preussisch Lithauen...1796 bis 1802,"
composite published in Berlin, 1802-10, 200 x 310 cm, at
1:50 000.
This is the first edition of what is a 25-sheet map, each sheet mounted on
linen. Individual sheets are 16.5 x 22.2 inches / 42.0 x 56.5 cm.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1807 [dated] Giovanni Antonio
Rizzi-Zannoni
(geographer): "Polen in die
dermaligen Besitzungen eingetheilt..No.
85," Vienna.
From the National Library of
Finland: http://www.doria.fi/
1808 Robert Wilkinson: "PRUSSIA,"
London, 24 x 29 cm, from his "A
General Atlas," published from 1800 to
1816.
From www.davidrumsey.com
1808 [dated 1799] John Cary: "A New
Map of the Kingdom of Prussia..," London,
18.5 x 20.5 inches, prepared for the 1808
edition of "Cary's New Universal Atlas."
From geographicus via wikimedia
1812 John Pinkerton: "Prussian
Dominions," Edinburgh, 28 x 20 inches,
showing "New East Prussia," the eastern
half of which are Grand Duchy lands lost
in th Third, 1795, Partition.
From
www.raremaps.com
F.A. Witzleben, Hauptman im Generalstabe Berlin: "Karte von dem REGRZ. GUMBINNEN" (East Prussia) From
http://english.mapywig.org/news.php
1836 Kreise Heidekrug
1836 Kreise Ragnit
1839 Kreise Gumbinnen
1792 [dated] Rigobert Bonne: "Royaume
de Prusse," 9.13 x 21.26 inches, Nurem-
berg. From “Atlas Portatif a l'usage des
colleges, pour servir a l'intelligence des
auteurs classiques...."
From www.
davidrumsey.com
1742 [dated] Jean Lattre (engraver/
mapmaker)
- Georges-Louis Le Rouge
(publisher): "Le Royaume de Prusse,
Suivant les Nouvelles Observations,"
Paris, 21 1/2 x 19 1/2 inches, from "Atlas
Geographique contenant la Mappemonde
et les quatre parties, avec les differents
Etats, avec apprpbation & privilage du
Roy ."
From www.davidrumsey.com
1601 Abraham Ortelius
(mapmaker)
- Johannes
Baptista Vrients
(publisher): "Prussiae
Decriptio.," Antwerp, 4 x
3.5 inches, from the first
edition of Ortelius'
"Epitome."
From
www.raremaps.com
NEW December 9
1616 Petrus Bertius
(mapmaker)
- Jodocus
Hondius II
(engraver):
PRUSSIA," Amsterdam,
9.7 x 13.5 cm, from the pocket
atlas "Tabularum
geographicarum
contractarum..," first
Amsterdam, published
1600 in Latin, French
and German editions to
1650 with miniature
maps engraved by J.
Hondius and van den
Keere.
From
www.raremaps.com
NEW December 9