Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,151 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     852 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     514 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     208 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      178 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       165 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      141 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       83 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        43 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       38 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

August 18 adds: 10 maps (a new laptop and failure of my image-editing software limited additions)

Next update: September 1

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 29.1%; 2. Latvia 16.5%; Lithuania: 14.8%; 4. Russia: 8.7%; 5. Other: 30.9%

  • 1548 Salamanca (Spanish engraver/publisher): "Tabvla Moderna Poloniæ, Vnganiæ, Boemiæ,
    Germaniæ, Rvssiæ, Lithuaniæ" (587 KB), Rome, by a publisher most famous for his 1550 re-engraving of
    Mercator's c1538 double cordiform world map

  • 1599 Ruscelli (alchemist/cartographer/translator) - Rosaccio (cosmographer/revising cartographer/
    editor): "POLONIA ET HVNGARIA NVOVA TAVOLA" (1.7 MB), Venice, from the 4th Edition of  
    Ruscelli's Italian translation of Ptolemy's Geographia: "La Geographia di Caludio Tolomeo..." Note labels for  
    "Litvania," "Vilne," "Grodno" and "Niemen" river. Ruscelli's 1561 atlas was an expanded version of Gastaldi's
    1548 atlas. Ruscelli and Gastaldi's maps were engraved on copper, a turning point in the history of   
    cartography. From that point on, the majority of cartographic works used this medium. Harder than wood, it
    gave the engraver the ability to render more detail. While the 1561 1st edition was in Latin, all later editions
    were translated into Italian

  • 1752 [dated] D. Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker/publisher): "Le royaume de Pologne , divisé en ses
    duchés et provinces et subdivisé en Palatinats" (The kingdom of Poland, divided into its
    duchies and provinces and subdivided into Palatinates) (474 KB), by the son of Gilles who, like his
    father before him in 1734, was appointed geographer to the king in 1751    

  • 1766 Bourgoin (engraver/publisher): "Royaume de Pologne, Gd. Duche de Lithuanie et  Royaume   
    de Prusse" (176 KB), Paris, in a second version from his "Atlas Elementaire de la Geographie conentant les
    quatre parties du Monde." The labeling and colorist correctly define the boundaries of the Grand Duchy

  • 1790 [dated] Buffier (theologian/geographer): "La Polonia" (463 KB), Venice, in a second version from the
    Italian-language edition of his atlas: "Geografia Universale del Padre Claudio Buffier..."

  • 1792: In 1785, Catherine the Great complained that a map of the Russian Empire she had requested  be
    produced not only had many errors, but devoted too much space to Siberia, and not enough to newly-acquired
    lands in European Russia. She instructed Major General P.I. Soimonov, who supervised her personal collection
    of maps -- and who also was one of her lovers -- to invite German surveyor A.M. Wilbrecht  (Vil'brekt) to  
    create an updated version of Ivan Kirilov's 1745 "Atlas Russicus." As the new official state's geographer,
    Vil'brekt produced the "Russian Atlas Consisting of Forty-four Maps and Dividing the Empire into Forty-two
    Provincial Regions," printed 1792 at the Institute of Mining in St. Petersburg. After the 1793 Second Partition  
    of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth , a new map of the Commonwealth was added to the atlas. The Third,
    1795, Partition was mapped by another German surveyor, Karl Opperman in "New Boundary Map of the
    Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Caspian Sea, Divided into Provinces, Districts and Regions,"  finished in
    1797, and then back-dated to 1795. (Steven Seegel: "Mapping Europe's Borderlands,"  Univ. of Chicago Press, 2012).   I have
    uploaded the following five provincial maps -- former Grand Duchy of Lithuania territories or vassal states -- to
    this site, joining the existing 1792 map of Mogilev province, and the c1793 map of the Polish-Lithuanian
  • "Ревельского наместничества" (Revel province) (1 MB)
  • "Рижского наместничества" (Riga province) (1 MB)
  • "Псковского наместничества" (Pskov province) (1.1 MB)
  • "Полоцкого наместничества" (Polotsk province) (.9 MB)
  • "Новгородского наместничества" (Novgorod province) (1.1 MB)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: